SPOKEN ENGLISH DICTIONARY PDF

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2, MOST FREQUENT WORDS IN SPOKEN ENGLISH in order of usage, and with parts of speech the. (definite article, adverb) and. (conjunction). Monolingual English Edition. The New Oxford. Picture Dictionary. E. C. Parnwell. Illustrations by: Ray Burns. Bob Giuliani. Laura Hartman. Pamela Johnson. Download this large English dictionary in PDF for free. This dictionary will help you learn English as your second language.


Spoken English Dictionary Pdf

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Index of Tables G Vocabulary for Lessons H Common Irregular Verbs I. 1. More spoken English Study J Lesson Page Icons and Text Notations K The Cambridge English: Preliminary and Preliminary for Schools Vocabulary A preview version of the English Vocabulary Profile can be accessed by visiting. about the most frequent words in English, but. Longman dictionaries are the only ones to highlight the differences between spoken and written frequency.

A good example of this is learning trade language or words you use often in a hobby or vocation. Learn New Words Every Day To improve your vocabulary quickly, make an effort to learn at least one new word every single day. There are plenty of ways to do this, such as a Word of the Day calendar or email list, or simply picking a word from a thesaurus or dictionary. Look for these empty words in your writing that do not offer any substance to your reader and replace them with something more appropriate.

Diversify Your Reading List If you tend to read the same sort of things day in and day out, you may not be exposing yourself to a wide enough range of vocabulary.

Diversify the topics you read to include natural science, Shakespeare, contemporary literature, politics, history, philosophy or any other topics you think you may enjoy. Try Word Board Games There are plenty of word games on the market designed to improve vocabulary and language skills without being a bore. Practice New Words in Divergent Ways It takes between 10 and 20 repetitions to make a new word a part of your vocabulary.

To help the word settle into your mind and memory, write it down both the definition and a sentence you make up using the word , use it in conversation, include it in an email or any other way you can think of. Make up Associations Start by saying the new word aloud, then relate it to a word you already know. Then list things you think are gargantuan. Use Mnemonics Mnemonic techniques are memory tricks you can use to remember new words.

A good example of this is the word stratovolcano, which is a high, pointed mountain with a violent explosion. Make Your Own Vocabulary Tests Keep a list of the new words you learn each week and incorporate into writing and conversation. At the end of each week, make yourself a quiz using the words to cement them in your memory.

Make Synonym Word Lists Do you find yourself turning to the same word again and again in your writing? Grab a piece of paper and write it at the top. Next, brainstorm or use a thesaurus to generate a list of ten to twenty new words you can use instead.

You can keep these lists in a vocabulary notebook and add to them whenever you learn a new synonym. Take a Writing Course There are plenty of online courses as well as in-person classes you can attend to boost your writing vocabulary and learn how to use new words correctly. Try to find a self-paced course that uses assignments and quizzes to hep you increase fluency and brush up on your writing skills.

Some classes are aimed at essay writing or creative writing, so you can find a class that will help you improve the style you need the most help with. Edit Your Own Writing After you finish writing, be your own editor and go though the piece with a fine-toothed comb to identify overused and nondescript words with something more precise or colorful.

It might help to read the sentences aloud, then note any lack of precision.

Search through your memory for more descriptive words, or consult a thesaurus if you need to. Moving words from your comprehensive, but passive vocabulary, to your active, expressive vocabulary is easier than you think.

Say them out loud and use them at every opportunity to move them into your active set. Ask for Feedback Do you think your writing could use some help? Students who learn grammar through stories often speak better and more accurate English than other students.

Learners have been known memorize grammar rules, however stories designed to explain each basic grammatical component could open doors, in effect the hearts and minds of learners to learning Puteri Nur Hidayah Bt Kamaludin, To invent a story that has the ability to explain basic grammatical structures is indeed something that can help instructors provide not only the fun aspect for the classroom but more importantly an avenue to explain and clarify grammar rules in a more innovative and receptive manner Puteri Nur Hidayah Bt Kamaludin, Teaching grammar through story-telling is absolutely fun way of teaching grammar rules which engages the learner and captures their attention.

It helps learners to understand grammar without giving a lot of energy and a lot of hard work and even also use them correctly in everyday conversations. Puteri Nur Hidayah Bt Kamaludin, , in their research administered a survey and used two groups; control group and experimental group, it was found that the experimental group had higher percentage in the improvement of their grammar, and it was also found that the lessons were fun and it was not stressful.

They also felt that they had a deeper understanding of what they were learning, they also enjoyed the characters in the speech. Learning Tenses with Short Stories One of the ways to teach English tenses is to tell them in a story, for example if you want to learn and memorize the Present Progressive Tense, listen it in a story or read it in a story.

Speaking English Books

This helps the learner remember the tense structure and use that tense naturally and automatically in daily conversations without making mistakes, delaying the speech and worrying about what to say next. AJ Hoge, an English teacher in his rules of effortless English learning talks about a student who had learnt many vocabularies, plenty of grammar rules and who had a problem using and constructing correct sentences, he says that he told mini stories and asked questions frequently and that changed the way she spoke English permanently.

Story-Telling As a Fun Method to Teach Grammar Telling stories and asking questions about the stories frequently is the most single, enjoyable and simplest method of teaching the learner to speak the language instantly without hesitating. There are many reasons to tell stories in our classes as they can give relief from the routine and stimulate the mind, they are a great motivator for teachers as well as for students, and they can also foster understanding and acceptance of the foreign language and culture Soleimani, As proven by many studies conducted on how story-telling affects grammar teaching, it does not only increases the understanding of the learners of grammar but it also effectively improves the way the learners use words, construct sentences and speak the language frequently.

Instead of memorizing the grammar rules, I suggest them to listen or read those particular grammar rules in an anecdote. Children learn and create their mother tongue not by sitting at their desks doing pencil and paper tasks in isolation from their peers, or drilling structures out of context, but by interacting with and manipulating language and by engaging in meaningful use of language in a community of language learners Mr.

Mauro Dujmovic. As long as the learner focuses on story reading and listening, they adapt it gradually and their speaking ability improves without having to memorize many grammar rules and vocabularies. I tell my students to concentrate on the listening part, to not memorize words and you can use the same strategy to improve your ability to speak English without being years in a private school.

When I changed the way I learned English and stopped following the traditional way of learning it, my speaking ability improved, I remembered words instantly, I spoke naturally without hesitation and being afraid of which word to use and which not to. Your goal is not to have a problem when speaking English, your goal is to speak it just as you speak your native language and this can be achieved by changing the way you think about learning English or teaching Englis h.

The methods presented in this book also help the teachers themselves, we see many teachers who have been teaching English for many years and still cannot speak the language fluently. This is one of the reasons that we as Somalis do not speak good English, nothing is wrong with our students and our teachers of course but it has to do with the system that we use to teach and learn English.

Story-Telling Method VS Traditional Method It is sometimes possible that you see someone who speaks better English and followed the traditional method of learning it but when you ask that person they tell you that they have been in a language school for many years. I have a friend of mine who speaks better English and when is asked him about his journey of learning English he told me that it took him fifteen years to make it, he used to go to sleep every night his book on his chest, reading every time, being in the school during the whole day and always trying so hard to speak it.

He finally did it but it took him longer and it takes a real, committed and courageous person to do it that way.

(For Graduates, Professionals and All)

For me it was very fun when I was learning to speak English, I enjoyed following the method I am sharing in this book. Grammar is important when studying any language because it is what guides you when writing, when speaking or even when listening English conversations or lessons. But when you want to learn to write you need to have a knowledge about grammar and how to construct words and sentences together that is why grammar is very critical.

But when you want to develop fluent speaking ability, there are a lot of factors that you need to consider which we will discuss in later chapters. Therefore, when studying to speak grammatically correct English there is the traditional method that takes usually longer time, not fun and exciting at all, and there is the other fund method of learning grammar rules in a stories which is the method I followed to speak excellent and fluent English, to outperform other students and to finally achieve my dream of speaking better and more like native English.

How to Use Story-Telling Method Use this technique to study any grammatical rule, for example if you want to master the Past Simple Tense find a story that is written in the past, read it over and over again or even listen that story multiple times and you will see yourself using that tense naturally and automatically without having to worry about its structure. This method can be used by teachers also to teach tenses, they can construct mini story in any particular tense or grammar rule they want their students to be good at and then ask many question about the story.

As a teacher, your primary goal is to engage your students the whole time and make them excited about the lessons, this can be accomplish though using the friendly story telling method.

Effectiveness of Story-Telling Method This method hundred percent works, I used it when I was learning tenses, I used it to teach Englis h and even use it right now and I also shared it with a lot of my friends who were having diffic ulty when trying to speak grammatically correct English.

Besides helping students learn grammar naturally, story-telling gives wide range of benefits including; helping students learn more vocabulary, teaching them the pronunciation and helping them remember those vocabularies consistently. Teaching or learning grammar could be boring, but when effective stories are constructed and told in the class it helps the learner become motivated and focused on the lessons which is absolutely fun way to teach grammar without putting a lot stress on the minds of the learners.

Most of the private teachers use the traditional method of teaching, they tell their students to memorize grammar rules and vocabularies which slows down or even stops from the students to speak English faster and fluently.

Other Benefits of Story-Telling Method Story telling not only improves the grammatical aspect of the language but also helps learners to develop greater speaking skill. Linguists argue that the primary role of learning a language is to develop speaking skill competency which shows how important speaking is in any stage of learning a new language. The traditional method of memorizing grammar rules and vocabularies do not help to improve the speaking skill of the learner, instead it restricts them.

This is one of the reasons Somalis do not speak fluent or even grammatically accurate Englis h, learning Basic grammar is very important and probably the first step you need to take in your journey of mastering Spoken English.

4000 Essential English Words – Book 1 PDF

These methods are research backed methods proven by many linguists and employed by many teachers to teach their students the real English. The reason this method of studying grammar is effective is because it is learner friendly, lack of stress and interesting method which is used by professional language teachers in all around the world.

Brian Tracy, one of the best motivational speakers, and perhaps one of the best authors in the world in my opinion says; the best way to be successful at anything in life is to find out what other successful people did and to follow the same steps because success always leaves clues. Therefore, in order to be successful at learning correct, real and fluent English, your job is to identify what other people who speak better English did. In life, nobody can do it alone without getting any sort of help from people who matter to them.

Learning to speak English language like a native is not something complicated, it is pretty simple, it is only a matter of time until you find out what the right strategies are, and after you imple me nt them you are going to get the same results other successful speakers of the language had gotten or even better results because there is always a room for improvement.

The methods I am sharing in this book are exactly the methods I used to speak English more like native without hesitation, without being afraid of making mistakes and without speaking grammatically broken English.

These strategies will not only enable you to speak English fluently, but will even improve your level of accuracy of speaking English.

There are a lot of people out there who speak fluently, but their level of accuracy is very low, that is not what you want, your goal is to speak English fluently and the same time accurately. This is the problem everybody is facing, they study grammar in unfashionable and stressful way, they memorize vocabulary and when they try to speak, their fluency is very low, and when they try to speak frequently and improve their level of fluency they make a lot of mistakes which confuse the person talking to them.

To avoid these commonly shared problems and standout, you have to do something different. Your goal of mastering spoken English begins with doing something differe nt, as a teacher, it starts with implementing various approaches to produce great English speakers and as learner or a student who wants to master the techniques of spoken English you need to implement different strategies and approaches in order standout and speak English like a native.

The next step to your way of mastering spoken English is by equipping yourself with the necessary vocabulary you need to be using in your day-to-day conversations.

We will discuss techniques to acquire a lot of vocabulary in the next chapter, all the techniques presented in the book are exactly the strategies used by the writer to speak English language like a native. First of all, what is vocabulary? Without enough vocabulary it is impossible to speak fluently. Vocabulary is what helps you to describe, explain and give details about whatever it is that you are talking about. As you can see from the above definitions, vocabulary is the foundations and perhaps very important part in language learning.

In this chapter we are going to discuss about the importance of vocabulary in mastering spoken English, techniques to use when expanding your vocabulary base and tips and strategies you, the learner need to implement in your journey of speaking English like a native. Vocabulary knowledge is often viewed as a critical tool for second language learners because a limited vocabulary in a second language impedes successful communication ALQAHTANI, Vocabulary plays a great role in acquiring a second language, limited vocabulary usually causes lack of understanding, lack of fluency and limited knowledge of the learner.

Some linguists argue that without grammar a little can be conveyed, but without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed. Without having sufficient vocabulary it is often very difficult for the learner to express his or her ideas and also to understand others.

The reason that some topics are more exciting than others is that the learner may have many vocabulary in certain topics than others. Lewis went further to argue that lexis vocabulary is the core and the heart of the language. To communicate well in any language one should know a lot of vocabulary about that certain language.

This shows that vocabulary is more significant than grammar, as you may have probably seen already, there are some people who speak English but do not use grammar correctly and at the same time their message can be understood, the concept of what they are trying to express becomes understandable as they use words which shows that without grammar a language can be communicated but without knowing the necessary vocabulary it is very complicated to communicate in English language.

Many linguists and English teachers concur with each other that vocabulary is the core in learning English language, that without having sufficient vocabulary it becomes very complicated for learners to speak fluently, to understand native speakers and to express their own ideas in Englis h.

If your grammar is not correct, you might still be understood, if your pronunciation is not perfect, you might still be able to communicate, but if your vocabulary is deficient, misunderstanding may arise and communication becomes very difficult Eide, Vocabulary give you confidence Knowing a lot of vocabulary allows the learner to have self-confidence and increases his or her self-efficacy at the English language learning.

When you know more words, you are able or have the confidence to engage in every conversation. Some students make mistakes by not focusing on improving their vocabulary base which causes them to be limited and not being able to engage in certain conversations.

Always focus on increasing your vocabulary acquisition and you will realize that it contributes to the overall performance of your English. When you enhance your vocabulary acquisition and always try to acquire new words, you will reach a level in which you will have the ability to understand everyone, engage in every conversation and read every book.

In summary, vocabulary is the heart and the core of learning any language as shown by many studies, learning a lot of words provides uncountable advantage to the learner and improves their overall understanding of that certain language. The following are some of the strategies I use to capture new vocabulary and to remember and use them in my daily conversations permanently. Put them in a sentence and write them down The first and perhaps one of the best strategies that I share with my students and friends is to put every new word they encounter in a sentence, not just use the word in a sentence during a conversation but to write it down using their own sentences.

The reason this method is effective is as long as you write that certain word down, it deeply interacts with your brain and enables you to remember that word in your daily conversations.

Commonly when setting a goal a good mentor always consults their clients to write down their goals, you can just set goals without writing them, but the extent to which you are going to take action towards that goal decreases overtime, instead when you write down your goals, it interacts with your brain, it motivates you to take action towards that certain goal every single day until you turn it into reality.

The same applies to the new words you encounter in your way of mastering spoken English, put the word in different sentences and write them down.

If you write a list of vocabulary in a book and memorize them, you are just fatiguing your brain, at the end of time when you want to use that word in a conversation, you will not even remember any single word from that list. It is likely that you remember some of them in the first few hours but you will not retain those words consistently. This is also one of the tips my conversation partners and I used while we were learning English.

What we did was we tell each one of us to bring three to five new words at the time we agree on to meet and have conversation, and then we share with each other. That was a great technique and I remember those words exactly and the place we were when sharing those vocabulary.

This is more effective than memorizing individual words in a list, this method leaves clues in your brain which in turn forces your brain to remember those words sustainably. This method not only helped us to remember the words, but it also enabled us to use those words each and every day. Read Magazines and Books to Acquire New Vocabulary One of the best ways to increase your vocabulary base is to read and read and read!

Reading is one of the ways that you can expand your vocabulary, I would recommend you to read magazines because magazines talk about different areas in social life, and they enable you to get many words during reading the different topics that are found in the magazine. One of the best ways to get most out of your readings is to write down the new and unfamiliar words you encounter during your reading.

This allows you to learn how to use the word and at the same time it enables you to remember that word in the sentence it was used. It might happen that you use the whole sentence in your own conversations which improves your fluency of speaking the language. Importance of Reading in New Vocabulary Acquisition Reading is very critical when trying to learn new vocabulary, in English language, there are set of words and phrases that are used for every particular topic whether it is business, education, technology and health.

Every area of study has its own terminology, by reading books, journals, newspapers about different areas you acquire many new vocabulary.

Each time you read, you encounter new words, new phrases and idioms which are going to help you in your way of mastering spoken English. Many studies have proven that reading increases the lexical knowledge of the learner which then plays a key role in succeeding to master spoken English. Browne, , found that reading increased the size of vocabulary of the learners significantly, he also found that students who used reading as a tool to increase their vocabulary acquired more new vocabulary than those who used writing and class room tasks to increase their vocabulary base.

Al though most of advanced students can guess the meaning of word from the context it was used, guessing it is not enough, it is important that you understand the meaning of the word to improve your reading comprehension.

Much of the words I know have been acquired through my readings, the strategy I used was write the sentence the word is used in a separate notebook and later look it up in the dictionary to find its meaning. In summary, reading is very significant if you want double your vocabulary acquisition, it allows you to learn new words in a short period of time without having to memorize a list of words in a dictionary.

Look for synonyms The English language has many synonym words. Synonyms are words that have the same meaning, or in other words, the words that can be used interchangeably. One method I used while I was learning English, or during while teaching English was to look for synonyms. Whenever I encounter a new word, I used to search the words that were similar like that word.

Learning synonyms also enhances your writing skills, as a writer you should know or look for various words which can be interchanged in order to make your writing more exciting and appealing to your readers. I used this method with my students, every time there is a new word they are not familiar with in the lesson I write and share with them all the words that are similar in meaning or can be used instead of that word to help them expand their lexical aspect of the language. Have Conversation Every time to Increase Your Vocabulary Daily conversations between peer students is one of the major factors that contribute to their overall success at master spoken English.

Conversation is not something you should do sometimes, you should do it regularly. Often times, most of students are afraid of having conversation, they have self-limiting beliefs that are stopping them from achieving what they desire which is to speak English language like natives.

It is common that most of the times you feel a little bit embarrassed and afraid of making conversation, but daily dialogues between students help them grow their vocabulary and also improves their use and retention of familiar vocabulary. If you are shy of having conversation in front of students, I share with you a tip I used while I was beginning to have practice with peer students. First I started with listening the best students out there who used to have conversation daily outside of the class.

This technique helped me to acquire many new vocabulary from those students, after they ended the conversation I would also went up to them and asked them the vocabulary I considered important which were new to me. I always had that mindset of asking the meaning of the vocabulary used by any of them. There is one of those guys I still feel indebted for what he used to for me, he helped with the pronunciation, acquiring many vocabulary and gave me the motivations I needed to be one of the top conversationalist out there.

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Watch English Movies with Subtitles to Increase Your Vocabulary Watching movies with subtitles is another very useful way that you can use to enhance your vocabulary acquisition, it is fun and enjoyable method that not only gives you wide vocabulary base, but also gives you the ability to sustain those words. The way you do is, while watching the movies, if you encounter any unfamiliar word you write down the whole sentence the word is used in.

The method is quite long and time consuming but it is definitely worth it. In spite increasing your vocabulary, watching movies offers a lot of benefits which we will discuss in later chapters. After you finish the movie by writing down every single new vocabulary in it, you then take a time to find the meaning of those words in the context they were used in the movie and understand them, after that you watch the same movie again this time focusing on your comprehension since you know all the vocabulary in it.

The reason this method is effective in remembering those vocabulary is; first you write down the words or the phrase which engages your mind, second you can remember the scene it was used and you get to watch it again by knowing its meaning. This technique only can help you improve your spoken English ten times more than anything else.

This tip allowed me to improve the way I used vocabulary, it enabled me to naturally remember the words when I needed them to use and you can do the same to reap more rewards. The method is quite tough and as I mentioned time consuming, but you reap the rewards after you follow this method for a mere of one month.

This method is a game changer, although all the techniques I am sharing in this book are equally important and proven strategies if you only implement this tip and give it a shot, you will see dramatic change in the overall performance of your English.

It will contribute to all of your skills in the English language including your writing skills, reading skills, speaking and comprehensio n. Be committed to improve your vocabulary It all comes down to having a goal and being committed to how you want to accomplish that goal.

Learning to speak excellent English is something that can be done here in Somalia, but it needs someone who is disciplined, committed and courageous. When some of my friends say to me I am going to go to Kenya or Uganda to learn to speak English, I ask myself what is wrong with these people?! Brian Tracy, entrepreneur, and motivational speaker says one of the greatest quotes that I ever heard.

Your goal as a learner is to listen them carefully, implement the same steps they followed and you are going to end up having the same results or even better results. In summary, daily conversations improve and increase your lexis vocabulary , which contributes majorly to your overall success of mastering spoke English. Make having daily conversation as part of your routine and I guarantee you it will change your overall performance of the Englis h language.

All the tips presented in this book are proven strategies adopted by the writer and many others to master spoken English and be exceptional speakers. Putting the words in sentences to retain them, sharing them with you conversation partners, practicing them on a regular basis and watching and reading are absolutely great strategies to increase your vocabulary and improve your spoken English. Implement these strategies daily and have patience because things are not going to happen overnight, you need to put a lot of efforts in, stay motivated and be committed to achieving the goal of mastering spoken English and speaking like a native.

After acquiring a lot of vocabulary using the above mentioned methods, your next step is to focus on listening. We will discuss this in detail in the coming chapter. We will start the chapter with the importance of listening in learning to speak better English, we will also discuss about why learning with your ears is ten times more effective than memorizing and focusing on the grammatical aspect of the language.

I will also talk about what to listen, how many times to listen, and methods to use to improving your listening skills in order to understand well. Listening is the only factor that can lead to better speaking skill. When we compare two students; one who focuses on listening and another who uses reading as a technique to develop better speaking skill, the one who listens speaks fluently. Developing a greater speaking skill is usually a product of an exposure to that language. In other words the more you listen, the more you speak fluently.

As Ziane, shows in his work compared two EFL learners, one is good at listenin g and the other is good at reading, he came to recognize that the one who was good at listening was the best in speaking. In my personal experience, listening was the only method that enabled me to speak better Englis h, I listened most of the time instead of reading and I found that listening was more effective than reading and memorizing in developing a greater speaking skill.

Listening is the trigger to master spoken English. Listening simplifies memorization Since to memorize a written statement or a lesson takes quite some time, over the years in my journey of learning to better English I have found that listening is the easiest way to memorize.

When you listen actively and focus on what is being said, you activate your brain and it actively engages, captures and retains those conversations. Listening is a very useful way to put into practice to memorize lessons and recorded materials, it is brain-friendly and simple yet vital way of memorizing.

The reason this method is effective is for example, we all memorize songs without giving much attention to them. Sometimes you find yourself knowing songs that you have never listened but overheard them while someone else was listening them, or maybe you heard them while on a bus. This shows that listening is very critical to memorize and the additional advantage it offers is you never forget something you have memorized while listening.

If we compare two materials memorized by a student, one was used listening as the key to memorize and the other was used reading technique to memorize; we can recognize that the materials memorized using listening can be sustained longer and always be recalled. Listening improves pronunciation Listening helps mastering the correct pronunciation. Listening skill has many benefits for the learner, it helps them to improve pronunciation and sound more like a native. When I started listening, it changed my overall performance of the English language, it improved my understanding, corrected my pronunciation and allowed me to speak fluently and as well as accurately.

It is evident that children learn to speak a language by just listening, they acquire the language through listening and when children are starting to speak they often mispronounce the words and as long as they continue listening to their parents, and siblings they finally come to a point where they can speak and pronounce well.

In Somalia, listening is not given much attention in language schools.

3000 most common words in English

This is one of the reasons that most of the students cannot speak fluently. When listening, students often try to pretend to sound more like a native and this shows that listening is the only method that can be used to improve their pronunciation.We will discuss techniques to acquire a lot of vocabulary in the next chapter, all the techniques presented in the book are exactly the strategies used by the writer to speak English language like a native.

Browne, , found that reading increased the size of vocabulary of the learners significantly, he also found that students who used reading as a tool to increase their vocabulary acquired more new vocabulary than those who used writing and class room tasks to increase their vocabulary base.

Listening improves pronunciation Listening helps mastering the correct pronunciation. Look for these empty words in your writing that do not offer any substance to your reader and replace them with something more appropriate. You can still improve your spoken English , even without a speaking partner. Try Word Board Games There are plenty of word games on the market designed to improve vocabulary and language skills without being a bore.

Conclusion In summary, all the techniques and tips I share in this book are what worked for me in my journey of mastering spoken English. Make Synonym Word Lists Do you find yourself turning to the same word again and again in your writing? In his study, Jalal, found that students who listened a lot learned a lot from Englis h, they learned to speak well and also develop s greater understanding of native speakers.

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