position at the first move. 11 It is a waste of time to move the same piece more than once during opening and it may cost you the initiative in the game. tronunbucambrin.cf pdf. Copyright The following is a list of the “50 Guidelines for Winning Chess Games” tricks with Queen pawn openings when the C pawn has been moved . Probably the most important part of a chess game for the amateur chess player is the opening. At the amateur level, most games are won or lost in the opening.
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Try out the four move "Scholar's Mate" to win the game almost instantly. This trick only works once per player, as a savvy chess player will spot the move and get. Pawns become exceptionally important in long games. Try to create a Don't begin an attack until you have moved your chessmen into position. –– your attack . and I have used many positions from their tournament games in this work. Several years have . move that sets up the tactical trick. These will require a lot of.
Yasiru Nawodana. Learn more.
It also received 34 testimonials from readers, earning it our reader-approved status. Learn more Understand the value of each piece and protect them accordingly. Obviously, your King is the most important piece on the board, since you lose if it's taken. However, the rest of your pieces are not easily dispensed cannon fodder.
Based on the math and geometry of a chess board, certain pieces are always more valuable than others. Remember these rankings when taking pieces. You do not, for example, want to put a high-value Rook at risk just to take an opponent's Knight. Understand the goals of a good opening move. Chess openings are the first couple of moves in the game, and they will determine your general strategy and positioning for the entire match.
Your goal when opening is to develop, or move off of the starting squares, as many strong pieces as possible. There are several key considerations in a good opening: The most common yet very efficient path would be to move the king's pawn 2 paces forward and then the queen's pawn forward 2 paces, if it is not at risk after the opponent makes his move.
This opening develops bishops, increases castling speed and with the right moves forms a defensive but less offensive fortress. Your opening moves will also be dependent on whether you are black or white. Since White moves first, you'll want to move in on attack and try and control the game. Black should hold back and wait a bit more, letting white expose themselves with a mistake before attacking. Never move the same piece twice, unless it gets in trouble and could be taken.
The more pieces you can move, the more your opponent needs to react to you. Keeping these principles in mind, check out the list of opening moves used by Grandmasters at modern tournaments. Think moves in advance, using each move to set up more complicated attacks.
To win at chess, you need to be constantly thinking a few moves in advance, setting up longer, more complicated attacks to outfox your opponent. Your first move is about setting up the rest of the game, leading to your first attack or controlling certain sections of the board.
The best way for a beginner to learn how to plan ahead is to practice some common opening combinations: The Ruy Lopez is a classic opening to get bishops out and attacking. Move your King's Pawn up two spaces, then your Knight up F3 as white. Finish by pushing your King's Bishop all the way until it is one space in front of the opponent's pawn.
Move the C2 pawn up 1, then follow with the G2 Pawn to free your King's Bishop if black moves to the center or the Queen's Knight, if black moves along the sides. Used by Grandmasters from Bobby Fisher onward, this exciting opening can put beginners off-balance early. Black will frequently attack early, feeling like they have you opened up, but your pawn wall will quickly cause them problems.
This maneuver brings the game out to the center and opens up the lanes for your Queen and Bishop to move. You can now move your Bishop to b4, pinning the Knight.
Try out the four move "Scholar's Mate" to win the game almost instantly. This trick only works once per player, as a savvy chess player will spot the move and get out of the way.
That said, Scholar's Mate is a great way to catch a beginner opponent off guard and snag the game from them quickly. As White: As Black: Pull your Knights out as blockades if you see Scholar's Mate happening-- chances are good they won't sacrifice a Queen just to take your Knight. The other option is to use a nearly identical move, but instead of pushing your Queen up, leave her back on E7, in front of your King.
Control the center squares to control the game. Your biggest concern when playing chess is controlling the center tiles, specifically the four in the very middle.
This is because you can attack anywhere from the center of the board, allowing you to control the pace and direction of the game. The Knight, for example, has eight potential moves in the center of the board, but only on the edges. There are two general ways to do this. Supported Middle is when you move slowly into the center of the board with several pieces.
Knights and Bishops support from the fringes, able to move in and take pieces if you get under attack. In general, this slow development is more common. Using the Flanks is a very modern style of play that controls the middle from the outsides.
Your Rooks, Queen, and Knights run up both sides of the board, making it impossible for your opponent to move into the middle without being taken.
Develop your pieces one at a time. You want to give each of your pieces the best possible square to move to, getting pieces off of the starting squares.
Learn to castle. Castling is when your hop the King over a Rook, effectively using the Rook to form a wall against attack.
Above the King you still have a line of pawns protecting you as well. This is an incredibly effective tactic, especially for beginners learning the game. To do it: Try to keep as many pawns as you can in place. You can do this on either side.
In the same turn, move the Rook and King together, where they meet, swap their positions. If they do, the move is no longer allowed. Part of what helps you to win at chess is your ability to read your opponent without letting him read you. You want to be thinking several moves ahead at all times.
This means knowing where each of your pieces can move in any situation and being able to predict how your opponent will react to your moves.
The King's Gambit Nope! The Ruy Lopez Try again! The English Opening Yup! The Queen's Gambit Not exactly! Watch your opponent's moves carefully. What pieces are they developing, and what sides of the board are they favoring? If you were them, what sort of long-term strategy would you be planning?
Once you have the basics of your own play down, you should be constantly adjusting to your opponent's. If she's holding back, setting up pieces near her side for an attack, ask yourself what her end-goal is. Are there ways you can disrupt or put her plan on hold? Does he have the advantage, and do you need to fall back and defend some units to prevent a serious loss of material, or can you put some pressure on him? Know when to trade pieces. Trading pieces is obvious when you end up with the material advantage, such as giving up a Knight in order to get their Queen, but it is much trickier when you're trading off similar pieces.
In general, you do not want to trade pieces when: You have the advantage in position, center control, and development.
The fewer pieces are on the board in total, the less of an advantage you have and the easier you are to defend against. The opponent is cramped or stuck in a corner. When you have them locked in it is more difficult for them to move or maneuver many pieces, but fewer pieces can get them out of the jam and free again.
You have fewer pieces than your opponent. If you have more pieces than them and the advantages are otherwise similar, start taking pieces. You'll open up new attacking lanes. You would double up pawns. A doubled pawn is when you have one pawn in front of the other. This makes them both much less useful and clogs up your side of the board. However, if you can make your opponent double pawns as a side-effect of an even trade then this could be useful move.
Develop moves in advance every time. It is easier said than done, but you need to be thinking long-term in order to win chess games with any regularity. Each piece you move should be done with three common goals in mind. If you keep these points in your head, you'll find you can easily start improvising multi-move plans to win the game: Develop multiple pieces Rooks, Knights, Queen, Bishop early and often. Get them out of their starting spots to open up your options.
Control the center. The center of the board is where the action happens. Protect the King. You can have the best offense in the world, but leaving your King open is a sure-fire way to lose at the last minute.
Hold your advantage until you can get the most out of it instead of rushing in. Chess is about momentum, and if you have it, you need to keep it. If your opponent is purely reacting to you, moving pieces out of the way frequently and unable to mount any attack, take your time and whittle them down. Remember, you can win a match-up and still lose the game. Don't move in if you're opening up to a counter attack.
Instead, pick off their defending pieces, take full control of the middle of the board, and wait to hit them until it really hurts. Learn to pin pieces. Pinning is when you trap a piece or hold it hostage, keeping your opponent from effectively using it without losing the piece. This passive sort of warfare is a great way to control the game, and it will help you master your opponents. To do it, look where a piece can move. Usually, pieces with limited options are your best bet.
Then, instead of attacking, position your piece so that you could take them no matter where the move, effectively making the piece useless for a period of time. Taking hostages is when you give your opponent the opportunity to take your piece. The only catch is knowing that you can take their piece right back.
They may take it, they may not -- the important thing is that you're in control. The point is he transposed into the equal Black's choice should depend on which line is likely to provoke a bad response by White, such as S Hans Berliner revived S The risk of this finesse is allowing White also gets an extra option after The prime benefit is that 6 'tib3, which is a valid move against But that benefit is trumped by 6 d4!.
Black can't reach the safety of the Lasker Defense, For example, Sveshnikov-Zaja, Bled went Therefore he has to enter one of the main Evans lines, such as On balance, And Morphy beats Anderssen once more. Once Black decides on S There are two ways for it to reach b6 and set up the solid Lasker Now The Defense - The order matters because versions of 6 d4 d6 7 'iVb3.
For White has other options at move example, 6 'iVb3 'iff6 7 d4 d6? Vb3 'fie7 7 d4 exd4 8 He wants to save c2-c3 for later, such as with But Marshall showed that 5 can be safely answered by The real challenge to 6 'ifb3 is Then 8 tDxd4 exd4 9 has been tested a bit in correspondence If White likes the looks of this, 6 'tWb3 would be much better for him than 6 and perhaps superior to 6 d4, too.
The Scotch order 1 e4 e5 2 tDo tDc6 3 d4 exd4 4. Note that early in the Evans, each side can give his opponent a dubious 'something-to-think-about' move. Black's is But there's not that much for White to consider and after 5 c3 tDc6 all that's happened is Black transposed to the questionable White's bid for cleverness worse.
It is 5 after The simplest reply is His idea is not 6 c3 dxc3?! That conclusion is in recent dispute. However White doesn't have to get involved in the debate since in the Scotch order 6 bxc3!
One final point is that That's a safer choice than Well, then, what about the third option in the last diagram, That is a not-so-veiled invitation to the Lange 5 tDf6 6 e5 d5. Compared with But he benefits by not having to face the 5 e5!? And that's one of the more definitive conclusions we can make about those trap-happy 1 e4 e5 openings.
Another virtue is that after 4. The bona fide Berliner is content to head into the endgame of 1 e4 eS 2 ttJf3 ttJc6 3. He might be upset by 4 'iWe2!? Black should know the counterfinesse, Then 5. White's best is 5. One tabia, with He is unlikely to be happy defending the Steinitz-Defense-like Nor will he be eager to gambit a pawn, That's probably not in his DNA. There's a consensus that White is at least slightly better after 6 d4 and 34 RuyLopez 11 exd6 cxd6 12 l:.
But 4 c3 will avoid 4 ttJd4. There's psychology behind 4 and then 4. What would really turn matters in favor of 4 c3 is if someone found a way to get an advantage from White's extra option, If Black intends The first and most effective is 3. This exploits White's preference for 4 when he expects Black to continue with a normal Berlin. Books give much more attention to the first order because it grants White an extra option, 6 'iWe2. But if he intends 6 anyway, and he doesn't remember the complex 4 c3 f5 theory, the second order is best.
That's fine for Black - if he knows the theory Alexander Be1yavsky was once surprised by Ljubomir Ljubojevic in this move order and was outplayed after That looks like the But White's extra which Black has an extra Black fianchetto and it avoids the He should do that quickly Jtg7 5 c3 ttJge7 6 d4 and 5 Jtg5!. This is the Cozio Defense then If White replies 4 d4 exd4 5 ttJxd4 we get Jtg7 7 dxe5 dxe5 8 Jtc4 hits f7 and b7.
Vassily Smyslov, the maestro of this variation, said Black is pleased to transpose, after 5 i. This becomes an old Steinitz Defense, in fact one of the better versions of the old Steinitz, after But Black may do better with Why would Black prefer For example, 8 'ilid2 d5 the normal Modem Steinitz order?
White might prefer to meet That's a pretty solid There must be a drawback to the Cozio order or everybody would be 36 RuyLopez playing it. It is Whether White has an advantage after Yet few Lopez players are willing to try it and that makes the Cozio order a good practical weapon.
After S the most popular move in recent years is S More time in order to double his own accurate is 6 i. Black must deal with pawns and they do a good job of the threat of 7 i. For example, 7 exdS cxdS 8 i. The best solid bridgehead on eS, after 1 e4 eS waiting move in many if not most 2 tbo tbc6 3 i.
Here S O-O! His disciples tried He has excellent chances following S That leads or 11 c4 rather than transposing to a tabia, And now Then 8 iJ. Unfortunately for him there's a counter-counter-finesse. White can move up the capture on c6, as Jackson Showalter showed more than a century ago, This transposes to the favorable line after Experience shows that White should try to force Black to retake on c6 with the bishop, thereby eliminating Of course, Black can accelerate his plan, too, with 4 d4 exd4, as Alexander Onischuk does.
But there's a difference because White can retake with his queen, 5 'it'xd4 iJ. Instead To resuscitate the Steinitz Black needs a new idea, perhaps the littleexplored ! He might try the Berlin move order He accomplishes this after Instead, Black usually transposes with After 1 e4 e5 2 lbf3 lbe6 3 i. But 8 e3! White's most flexible fifth move is 5 O-O! He can, for example, deserves its reputation but only if meet This White times i. If usually transposes into the old Black likes the Then Steinitz Defense' in Russia and the He means As often happens with transpositions, both players may be right.
White got the middlegame he wanted and Black avoided the middlegame he sought to avoid. Lajos Portisch added another finesse to the Modem Steinitz when he met 5 with And This looks like an innocuous route to quiet lines, such as 6 c3 tbf6 7!
But there are differences between Theory prefers Then both players can claim they won the battle of the opening. Black says, 'J tricked you into a Steinitz Defense Doubly Deferred without allowing you a chance to use your best weapon. Translation: This position can be reached via For example, 6 c3. Also 'No,' replies White. The forgotten Another difference is Black can try to upgrade the Siesta Variation by meeting 6 c3 with Black can also mix the Modern Steinitz with the Cozio if he plays 1 e4 e5 2lbf3lbc6 3.
More of a test of Alexey Suetin recommended '5 c3! If there is a refutation of Then 6 d4. Theory likes White's position more today than it did a generation ago but what may be more important is Black avoided the non-5 c3 options of the Modem Steinitz. Moreover after White may have to challenge But Or, better yet, Exchanging at move five makes sense ifhe wants to avoid the Open Defense and retain the option.
This can transpose to a Steinitz Defense Doubly Deferred line 7 :el d6 that Akiba Rubinstein liked to playas Black and is similar to the better forms of the old Steinitz after 8 d4 exd4 9 ttJxd4 Jld7. Nikolic, Pancevo but there's too little experience to tell. A major benefit of a delayed Jlxc6 is that Black finds it harder to defend his e-pawn. However, The reason the doubly delayed exchange, 5 Jle7 6 Jlxc6 dxc6, has a better reputation is that Jld6 would cost a tempo.
Instead, Black obtains a solid game with If he wants a unbalanced middle game, with greater winning chances, he should consider the rare This tries to lure White into 8 :el and then But Andrei Sokolov showed how White can trick his opponent into a favorable line with 9. This is very effective against booked-up 9 c3. Experience with If Black likes these positions he can get to them even if White adopts a standard way of avoiding the Open Defense, 5 d4.
This often favors a better-prepared White after But Black has 5. Then 6 dxe5! The tabia of the Open Defense arises after 1 e4 e5 2 lbf3 lbc6 3. The moves at White's disposal c2-c3, There is no obvious antidote to 9.
It allows White to answer That often prompts But 8 a4? That's significant after 9. The appeal of the tweaked move order, 8 dxeS it. For instance, Then White would be happy to see 10 c3 it. For example, That has become a main line, with book analysis stretching past move So what's wrong with 9 a4? But 10 axbS axbS 11 tiJd4!
A trickster will prefer yet another ninth move, 9 a4!? If White gets control of an open a-file, 44 There's no better example of how transpositions can improve a group of related openings than the aggressive systems in which Black mixes That expired when White obtained an edge on both wings with 7. That's an 'old' position that occurs after 5 b5 6 i.. Again Black gets a free ride in the opening.
A key test of the New Arkhangel is 7 c3 d6 8 d4 i.. For example, on 7. That's good for him, e. The difference between new and old is revealed by 9.
How To Win A Chess Match In Just 2 Moves
But after What about a2-a4, the usual antidote to an early That shouldn't trouble Black in the last diagram, e. Despite that, the.. Is there nothing but good news for Black in the New Arkhangel? Not quite. He has to know what to do after 7 ttJxeS. In Moreover, White can set his own the s it was resuscitated by transpo traps.
With 7 a4 he forces Boris Spassky - as a drawing Black to meet the threat ofaxb5. Today it is perhaps the most dangerous Ruy Lopez Then That adds huge significance to Black's seventh move: 1 e4 eS 2 ttJf3 ttJc6 3.
That would seem to benefit Black but White can confuse matters with 8 c3, hoping for What happened: We've transposed into 7 c3 d6 8 a4!? This helped White because he didn't have to It's just a threat because he can 46 RuyLopez back out with Yet the threat is so worrisome that today's strongest GMs skirt the issue with modest, if not cowardly anti-Marshall moves like 8 d3 or 8 h3.
Why then should anyone play The only downside to It is - but not significantly, after 8 a4. That's why top GMs have been hunting for an aggressive way to sidestep the Marshall. One idea is 8 d4. Alexander Grischuk among others. And what about other antiMarshall lines? The simplest begins with 8 d3.
Black typically meets 8 d3 with Following 9 c3 White will eventually play d3-d4. This ensures he can execute the tiJf1 maneuver that is so important to the Lopez.
He plans 10 tiJbd2, 11 tiJf1, 12 tiJg3 and eventually d3-d4. He doesn't get to do that in some 8 c3 lines, such as the Zaitsev Variation The downside to 8 d3 d6 9 c3 is White will be a tempo behind traditional 8 c3 d6 9 h3 lines when he eventually advances d3-d4.
But that tempo may be a minor concern This works best when Black compared with dealing with the becomes concerned about the looks Marshall. Then 9 c3! Books say that old you compare this with 8 c3 d6 9 h3 line is second-best to 8 c3 d6 9 h3. The test of Geller's order is But all that means is gambit and 10 tbxd4 exd4 11 e5 that h2-h3 is missing.
Black best tbe4 12 'iig4 d5 has performed well may be Nevertheless, 9 d4 may 8 c3 d6 9 d4. Marshall is worse - and because the Another anti-Marshall finesse is most natural response from Black is 8 h3.
Then if Black continues fleeing with White can shoot back 9 c3!. He has transposed to 8 c3 d6 9 h3 while Because of the forcing nature of dodging the Marshall. That is, 9 c3 d5! An exception occurs in Fischer's idea of 12 g3. Yefim Geller pointed out the virtue of 9 d4!?
If White prefers the Zaitsev to the Marshalland most Lopez players do - then he's scored a minor victory. The simplest way of handling 12 g3 is Chess moves such as 1.
The main drawback of this move, however, is that it enables Black to occupy the center with any moves they wish to play. In essence, it is recommendable for any beginner to avoid the mentioned weird chess opening moves right from the beginning of their training because they can lead to quick losses and disadvantageous positions from the very start of the game.
Therefore, it is recommended that White plays active, space-gaining chess moves right from the start. It not only contributes to the control of the center immediately but also it frees two pieces on the back rank with just one move. White can follow up by playing Nf3 and moving his bishop to the dangerous c4 square.
By bringing the bishop into play, White prepares to castle in the next move. Finally, it has to be mentioned that 1. Nf3 Reti Opening are also strong chess opening moves which lead to solid and sound chess openings for White.
Step 1: Setup, Turns, and Taking Pieces
Following these ideas, White achieves 3 main goals of any opening: control of the center, develop pieces rapidly, and prepares for castling the king into safety. Conclusion The explained fundamental concepts are here to help any beginner improve their chess game and start their games with an appropriate chess opening. If you keep these strategies in the forefront of your mind and refresh and deepen your knowledge from time to time, nothing will stand in your way of advancing at chess.
All chess players were beginners at some point, including Grandmaster Damian Lemos. With hard work, persistence and the right training, Damian was able to obtain the FIDE Master title at 14 years old, then went on to become an International Master at 15, and a Grandmaster at There's a reason they say 'Knights before bishops.
To avoid this grim scenario, always consider pawn structure changes when you: — exchange pawns — advance pawns — exchange pieces Healthy pawn structure is a huge plus not only in the endgame, but in middlegame as well.
The first phase of the game, in which players concentrate on development, gaining room for their pieces to maneuver, and on bringing their kings to safety. In the position below white has placed his rook behind the passed pawn and supports it all the way to the promotion square. The Queen's Gambit Not exactly! For example, 8 c3.
These doubled pawns could turn out to be weak in the endgame. The best way for a beginner to learn how to plan ahead is to practice some common opening combinations: Generally considered a disadvantage because the pawns cannot defend each other. Once you have the basics of your own play down, you should be constantly adjusting to your opponent's.
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